Many municipalities face significant challenges reconciling increased public demands for local government services with declining revenue bases, reduced state funding, escalating labor and pension costs, a restrictive regulatory environment, and limited access to capital.

Our Municipal Recovery practice can be a powerful ally to local governments in uncertain times. Members of the team include attorneys with hands-on experience representing governments in matters of public finance; public-private partnerships; bankruptcy, restructuring, and capital recovery; labor and employment; tax; land use; and intergovernmental relations. We understand the fiscal pressures and credit consequences facing municipalities and have a track record of success helping municipalities:

  • Access capital markets at affordable rates and terms during fiscal distress
  • Enhance revenues by maximizing taxing authorities
  • Negotiate and arbitrate labor contracts
  • Expand tax bases through economic development and renewal
  • Identify opportunities for cost efficiencies and shared services
  • Monetize assets

Public Finance

Ballard Spahr has one of the premier public finance practices in the nation. Since 1987, we have participated in the issuance of more than $350 billion in tax-exempt obligations in 49 states, the District of Columbia, and three territories. 

We are continuously listed as a nationally recognized bond counsel firm in The Bond Buyer's Municipal Marketplace (the "Red Book"). Each year Thomson Reuters ranks us among the top firms in the country by dollar volume. 

Our attorneys are experienced in the most current issues facing municipal governments in the municipal-finance market. These issues include working capital financings, restructurings, direct loans from banks, pension disclosure, distressed municipality state laws, and Chapter 9 of the Bankruptcy Code. We advise our municipal clients on non-traditional alternatives to general obligation bonding, including the use of government incentives, brownfields, low-interest state loan and grant funding, and work-force grants and incentives.

We assist our municipal clients in rebuilding their tax bases through economic development and targeted redevelopment, including financings for enterprise zones, tax-increment districts, and business and neighborhood improvement districts. We advise our municipal clients on developing innovative ways to identify potential new revenue streams and to leverage under-valued existing assets to launch new mixed-use development and reinvigorate urban cores, thereby improving sustainable tax revenue.

Distressed municipalities sometimes lack the staffing and capability to manage an effective investor communication program to enhance ongoing market access. We can assist local governments in the creation, adoption, and implementation of policies and procedures designed to improve the quality and timeliness of the municipality’s compliance with its continuing disclosure undertakings.

We combine a national scope of practice with strong regional market knowledge. Our Municipal Recovery attorneys meet with and listen to local government officials and their financial advisers. Together, we analyze the task at hand and chart a course forward that minimizes disruption in governmental services and leverages our national experience to position our clients for fiscal health and structural balance in the long term.

Municipal Labor

Labor costs make up the single largest operating expense for most municipalities. Our labor and employment attorneys represent governmental agencies in union-management relations, including negotiations and arbitrations and before state labor relations boards and other administrative and regulatory agencies. We represent the City of Philadelphia and the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA), and many other public employers. 

Pension and Post-Retirement Benefits

Underfunded pension and post-retirement benefit liabilities of state and local governments are an increasingly significant problem nationwide. We advise Pennsylvania municipal clients on all aspects of public employee pension law, including Act 600, Acts 205 and 44, the Third Class City Code, and the Pennsylvania Municipal Retirement Act. Our public finance attorneys are also familiar with the most current legal developments in the tax issues surrounding the financing of pension funding obligations, disclosure of unfunded pension and other post-retirement benefits, and treatment of unfunded liabilities in Chapter 9 proceedings.

Municipal Bankruptcy and Workouts

The Deal has ranked us a "top bankruptcy law firm" for four years running and named five of our attorneys to its list of top lawyers.

We have represented municipalities and authorities, trustees, letter of credit banks, bond insurers, and borrowers in a wide range of default and workout situations. Projects have included municipalities and municipal-owned facilities and enterprises, airports, public-transportation facilities, hospitals and academic medical centers, continuing-care retirement facilities, and social-service agencies. We have actively participated in negotiations among the parties in these situations, including trustees, bondholders, credit enhancers and borrowers, and, where appropriate, we have initiated litigation on behalf of indenture trustees in which we have sought to enforce the remedies made available by contract or by applicable law. We are presently actively pursuing litigation on behalf of indenture trustees in one of the major defaults by a municipality in the United States.

Our bankruptcy attorneys have hands-on experience representing parties involved in some of the nation’s landmark Chapter 9 cases. We understand state and local laws governing distressed municipalities, and their interplay with Chapter 9 of the Federal Bankruptcy Code.

We can assist clients with the establishment of operating authorities to spin off enterprises from traditional government functions, saving money and increasing efficiency. We have handled long-term working capital financings on a tax-exempt basis, as well as all types of refinancings and restructurings of outstanding debt. We understand both the tax implications that may arise from the restructuring of these obligations and the interplay between them and the Bankruptcy Code.

Privatization and Monetization of Public Assets

Our Public-Private Partnership (P3) practice group can help local governments evaluate opportunities to successfully privatize or monetize under-performing public assets while still maintaining different elements of public control.

Government Relations

Our government relations attorneys offer a range of services to municipal clients in state capitals nationwide. We monitor and provide data on the activities of state government and give direct assistance in legislative and administrative efforts, ensuring that our clients' voices are heard by policy makers and regulators. In economic development and government contracting matters, we help clients identify and pursue opportunities that fit their fiscal and operating needs.

Land Use

Our Municipal Recovery practice includes members of Ballard Spahr's real estate team. We represent governmental entities in real estate transactions as well as in administrative and judicial proceedings involving open space financings and redevelopment, master planning, zoning, leasing, subdivision, land development, enforcement actions, and condemnation and regulatory takings. We regularly collaborate with the firm's construction, eminent domain, water and environmental law, taxation, and public finance attorneys.


William C. Rhodes
Tel 215.864.8534